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A Complete Guide About What Is Sump Pump Basement? Its Types, Working And Installation

The nightmare of every homeowner is a flooded basement. Water damage caused by heavy rains and rising waters can be prevented with a sump pump. Understanding which type of sumps pump is correct for you is essential.

Sump pump Basement

A sump pump basement is a device that removes water from a sump chamber. A sump’s primary function is to prevent a building’s foundation from being damaged by water that collects in the hollow space around it. This protects areas such as under porches, slabs, patios, and garages from flooding.

Types of the sump pump basement

1.    Submersible Sump Pump

A submersible sump pump is a type of sump pump that has it is motor and impeller submerged in the water inside the sump pit, and it attaches directly to a drainpipe through its discharge port. This type of sump pump does not come with a power cord. It draws in water from both below and through intake ports in the sides or bottom of the unit.

2.    Pedestal Sump Pump

A pedestal (or “floor”) sump pump sits on top of the waist-high platform, usually made of plastic or wood; however, some are made of metal or fiberglass. Most pedestal pumps have feet that adjust to compensate for any irregularities in the floor. 

3.    Submersible Sump Pump with Float Switch

One of its unique features is that it comes with an automatic float switch that turns on the sump pump system whenever the water reaches a predetermined level. Float switches can be a great option when a homeowner has a problem with the nuisance tripping of the pump switch caused by small items that get into the sump pump basin and trigger it to turn on.

4.    Battery Backup Sump Pump

A battery backup sump pump is a secondary sump pump meant to work in conjunction with your primary sump pump during times of power outages or emergencies. In essence, it operates as an “insurance policy” for your primary sump pump system.

This type of secondary sump pump provides assurance that you won’t have any flooding issues if your primary unit isn’t working correctly due to some electrical malfunction (such as lightning strikes), causing loss of power at critical moments when your basement is about to be flooded.

5.    Battery Backup Sump Pump with Transfer Switch

A battery backup sump pump system that comes with a transfer switch can act as your primary sump pump until power is restored. Then it automatically switches back over to the emergency unit for continued protection after power has been restored.

Many homeowners prefer this type of sump pump system, who don’t want to have a separate team in their garage or on their outside wall, but rather one that operates in unison with their original primary pump system.

How does a Sump Pump Work?

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Sump pumps are used in homes that have a basement or crawl space. The most common use for sump pumps is to help with water removal from basements during heavy rainstorms or when an onsite well has poor drainage or becomes overwhelmed during flooding.

A sump pump operates using the float switch method, and this means that when there’s enough water in the area of the pump, it automatically turns on and begins working. When the water levels drop below the status of the pump due to gravity or some other factor (such as dry weather), then the switch shuts off and stops pumping until you need it again. Float switches can be either electronic or mechanical in their design, but they both rely upon some mechanism that determines enough water to activate the pump.

The sump pump itself is placed in a pit, either inside your home or outside. This pit must be lower than the level of your basement floor so that during times of increased flooding, there’s enough room for the water to collect above the sump pump while still being below ground level on your foundation.

The discharge pipe goes from underneath this chamber and leads it away from the house, usually directly into your local drain system (such as gutters or sewers). Sump pumps come with both automatic and manual switches; you should only use a mechanical control when you cannot be around to manually turn it on when needed because electrical power might fail during a storm. Also, if the float switch fails and the sump pump remains on, and pumps water into your basement. This is a pretty rare occurrence and usually only happens if the pump itself becomes faulty or there’s an issue with the float switch.

Sump pumps work to remove excess water from your foundation, preventing damage that may occur due to water collecting near your home’s exterior walls. This excess water can seep into your basement, causing mold growth, structural deterioration, and other potentially serious problems. A sump pump should be used in all homes with crawl spaces or basements – even if the area doesn’t flood frequently, it’s still wise to use one because these types of places are more prone to flooding than others.

How to install a sump pump?

If you want to install a sump pump in your basement, the first thing is to make sure that your foundation is completely flat and level. Otherwise, a sump pump won’t work at all because it will either have water spilling over the sides of the pit, or it won’t even reach into the crater itself due to a sloping floor.

Once you’re confident that your foundation is completely level, then you’ll need to install the pump inside of a hole in the ground where any excess water can collect. It’s recommended that this area be lower than most other portions of your home’s foundation, so if there’s a section where a hill goes up toward your house, place it near this location.

Once you’ve prepared the pump area, you need to use a PVC pipe that’s 4 inches in diameter or larger. You’ll want to place this next to your foundation’s exterior wall and lead it down into the ground at a slant so that any water can drain through it. Ensure that you have some netting on top of the PVC pipe unless you plan to put a grate over the top, which allows dirt and grass access while preventing animals from crawling inside.

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